Ian Millington, MD of adi Automation
Automation is causing seismic shifts across many industries, as the adoption of intelligent technology promises to transform the way we live and work.
At its core, automation has the potential to reduce our reliance on manual or physical labour, drive process efficiency, reduce administrative burden and produce more effective workflows in the process.
But with some estimates placing high levels of automation at just three percent of all goods produced, there is a clear need for business owners to wake up to the benefits technology can provide in building the factories of the future.
Here, Ian Millington, MD of adi Automation, a division of the multidisciplinary engineering company, adi Group, discusses how an accelerated adoption of technology can help fix supply chain vulnerabilities and boost business prospects in 2021.
A weak link in the chain
Before COVID-19 arrived on the scene, a business’ ability to adapt and respond to marketplace changes was a strong indicator of its industry success. Fast forward to today, and without this kind of business mobility, manufacturers expose themselves to a ruthless economic climate, whereby manufacturers across the world are having to down tools and shut up shop, maybe for the last time.
Supply chains have been particularly exposed at this point in time, as manufacturing resiliency, flexibility and scalability are put into perspective with increased food demands, data centre needs and medical responsibility.
Business owners have had to learn the hard way that dependency on human labour and access to physical space can make it vulnerable to disruption. So with the manufacturing industry looking to fight back against the virus, we’d argue that now is the time for automation to take its place in achieving a highly cohesive, resilient and responsive manufacturing ecosystem.
Manufacturers have long intimated a desire to automate systems, yet this has been juxtaposed by an ingrained resistance for decades. The cost of implementation and fear for the loss of human jobs has been well publicised over the years, and in an economic climate whereby job safety is at a premium, it’s little wonder that bosses have further retrenched into old habits.
Low cost at a reasonable rate of quality has become the norm for the past twenty years, often meaning manufacturers have looked overseas for cheap labour, land and shipping infrastructure. But with COVID-19 rattling this old school supply chain in a massive way, now is the time for manufacturers to step up and act differently if they want to not only survive but thrive in the years ahead.
Robot and human efficiency
Firstly, there’s solid evidence out there that automation doesn’t really lead to a loss of human jobs. Think of one of the oldest industries out there – farming. It is true that in the early 20th century, there were over 10m farmers in the US alone, compared to just one million today. Yet this decline was accompanied by new technology, which created jobs in the service, blue-collar and white-collar industries. Automation creates jobs in new digital-based roles that are expected to have a global economic impact of over £11trn by 2030.
Capital expenditure has been in heavy retreat during the pandemic, so it is of some relief that by deploying robots to automate many of the mundane, repetitive tasks associated with manufacturing processes, firms can shift their spending from capital to operating expenses, minimising both cost and risk.
One of the huge benefits that have enabled many factories to continue operations as normal, amidst social distancing guidelines, is remote working practices. At adi, we’ve seen the benefit of this as manufacturers adopt a ‘lean’ or ‘thin management’ approach. Delivering centralised data management via a single server-based technology, manufacturers are able to shield themselves from costly periods of downtime and production outages.
Understanding this further, take for example how manufacturing environments can be quite inhospitable to electronics such as computers. A typical PC may break down within two to five years depending on conditions. If you had 20 PC stations in one plant, that could result in a massive outage or loss of data to your business taking approximately eight hours to fix at best. That’s one outage potentially every two months.
A lean management approach utilises single server-based technology, instead of bulky PCs connected to screens in the production environment. With no moving parts, thin clients are less prone to overheating and breakdown, while they can also operate as ‘plug and play’ devices, meaning any downtime is minimal. The ease of installation means extra screens can be easily installed for social distancing of personnel.
Similar applications can be applied for remote monitoring systems, allowing personnel to access plant data in a variety of simple to use and graphical formats, from anywhere using equipment such as laptops, tablets or mobile phones. Data can be used and updated to maximise production whilst being away from the manufacturing environment. Remote access and monitoring are therefore transforming production sectors as diverse as food and beverage, chemical and general manufacturing.
Companies are looking for ever more innovative ways to operate efficiently with fewer production floor operatives being available. Automation is just one of a number of technologies that can be applied to existing facilities to improve efficiencies through the use of data.
By acting now, manufacturers can set the stage for the next wave of industrial transformation and futureproof themselves against manufacturing’s next inevitable wave of disruption.